Netgate SG-1000 microFirewall

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Topics - nicolaj

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General Questions / Help me create l2tp vpn
« on: December 27, 2017, 07:58:29 am »
I'm trying to create a l2tp vpn but it doesn't work as the doc describes I follow the instructions and leave radius off, but when hitting save, it says "A valid RADIUS server address must be specified." even tho radius is off and there is no such field to fill out.

Any suggestions ?

NAT / CanYouSeeMe reports errors for my port forward, can't figure out why.
« on: September 02, 2017, 03:28:25 pm »
My setup is "isp > pfsense > N56U switch > lan"
I'm forwarding 2 ports from wan to lan, port 49999 goes to my desktop, 49998 goes to my file server. When i test the ports on CanYouSeeMe they both return "Error: I could not see your service on x.x.x.x on port (49998) Reason: Connection refused"
Running 2.4.0-RC.

Any suggestions?

2.4 Development Snapshots / SNMP is reversed.
« on: August 25, 2017, 04:44:29 pm »
Updated from 2.3.5 where i was experiencing that SNMP was reported reversed, so download was reported as upload. Happening on 2 machines. So i updated to 2.4 RC. And the same bug is present. It was working fine on stable 2.3.

Suggestions ?

SNMP / Modules, which does what?
« on: July 17, 2017, 08:57:58 am »
Wanted to use snmp to monitor and log the wan traffic because i'm thinking about adding a nas that would use the internet connection. But what does the different modules do?

Also, as the monitor is off during nights, would it be possible for pfsense to log the bandwidth used for x amount of hours so when the monitor is turned on it can update the missing hours?

General Questions / Which VPN to choose for highest compatibility ?
« on: June 29, 2017, 02:22:46 pm »
I want to set up a VPN server. But i'm unsure what to pick. openvpn isn't an option as it requires addon software on the clients. But android 7 doesn't support l2tp without ipsec, neither does windows 10 and win8 doesn't support l2tp with ipsec.
So i'm not really sure what to go with as it seems no matter which direction i go either win8, win10 or android won't be compatible.

Hardware / Intel pro/1000 dual nic temperature.
« on: June 17, 2017, 07:33:09 pm »
How hot is it normal for these things to run?
I do not think i'm exaggerating when i say that mine is around 70/80c. When i touch the heatsink it is damn hot, almost feels like it'll actually burn my finger. Everything is running smoothly tho.

webGUI / CPU speed only shows on occasion.
« on: June 02, 2017, 10:58:23 am »
Sometimes it shows cpu speed, sometimes it doesn't. I'm not really sure if it's supposed to or if there's some sort of trigger.

At this point everything is more or less working as supposed to. Except for one tiny thing. I'm using a q1900b-itx with 4gb ram, which has a RTL8111GR chip on it, in the pcie i have an intel pro/1000 dual nic.
I've experience over the past day that it looses the wan connection for no reason from the onboard realtek port. And when it does the webgui becomes unresponsive after a few min, and then i completely lose connection to pfsense even tho the interface claims both nics on the pcie card is up and running before loosing connection to the webgui. My only option is to restart the machine manually and then it'll work fine until next time.
I don't know how to troubleshoot this.

pfsense 2.3.4-RELEASE (amd64)
q1900 running latest 2.00 bios.

Suggestions ?

General Questions / SOLVED: External wifi router and pfsense settings
« on: June 01, 2017, 06:34:55 am »
I've got wan and two lan. em1 is wired to pc and everything works. em0 or is wired to external wifi router lan port. IP on em0 is, wifi router lan is set to Firewall, NAT, DHCP is off. Wireless client receives ip from pfsense IE. Client reports gateway, DNS and DHCP is Created firewall rule to allow lan to any for em0 interface. But client has no internet. And i don't know why or how to figure out why.
Suggestions ?

DHCP and DNS / Having same gateway addres for all interfaces.
« on: May 31, 2017, 06:45:53 pm »
So i'm just getting pfsense up and running. Internet and wired machine is running fine. But i want to add wifi as well. But it appears i can't have the same gateway address for both em0 and em1. Is there a way around this, i'd like having the wired and wifi on the same subnet.

Hardware / Any experience with Winyao Broadcom 5715 ?
« on: May 31, 2017, 11:11:15 am »
I'm very close to buying a Winyao Broadcom 5715 from here

The main reason being it's a pcie x1 card, which is the port i have available. All the other nics are pcie x4 which is a different port. But i'm wondering if any of you guys have any experience with these cards?

Or mod a pcie x4 card and remove 14 pins so it fits in a x1 port and in theory it should then run x1. But i don't know if that is actually legit.

Hardware / Recommendation on mini itx cases.
« on: May 16, 2017, 02:54:30 pm »
I've looked at MS-Tech CI-110, LC Power LC-1400mi, Chieftec UNI Series UE-02B, Spire PowerCube SPM210B. Cheap, but i'd like something with a passively cooled psu. I intent on installing a single pwm controlled fan just in case things get hot.
Got any recommendations for mini itx cases ?

I've been tinkering with pfsense. I have an N56U wifi router which i wanted to set up as an AP, and then use the switch. So what i've done so far.
em0 = wan (dhcp)
em1 = lan (dhcp server)
Lan connects to Lan on N56U. N56U is set up as AP mode, all NAT, Firewall and UPnP services are unavailable.
PC is connected to lan on N56U. I have connection to both devices. But no internet. pfsense has internet and can check and download updates, but PC has no internet. Now, this is just temporary as i've already ordered a dual nic where em1 will go to N56U for wifi and em2 will go to PC. But i might end up with the same problem for wireless devices.

I'm wondering if i have to use the wan port on N56U even tho it's set up as AP. And in theory should just function as a 4 port switch.

I have an older 2gb verbatim usb stick. I download pfSense-CE-memstick-2.3.3-RELEASE-amd64.img.gz and use rufus, set it to DD and create. I tryed extracting the img from the gz file and do the same thing, can't boot and i don't know why. I tried creating a linux mint 64bit live usb drive and that booted fine.

Using an HP dc7800p, it recognizes the usb drive fine in the bios, and bios is set to boot from usb first. But i only get a blinking _ in the upper left corner of the screen.
Any ideas ?

Edit: figured out it was caused by a bug in the bios, preventing booting any OS that requires the harddrive. A linux live usb would work tho. Installing from cd was the only option.

Hardware / Hardware ideas for first time pfsense user.
« on: February 20, 2017, 08:39:59 am »
I have a 1gbit connection, and my N56U can handle about 1.3bgit simultaneous on the wan port which is fairly decent for an older, cheap homerouter. Brand new 200$ routers do ~1.5gbit.
But i'd like to either build or buy something that can actually handle 2gbit simultaneous.
I looked at this: which seemed nice, but is from 2014. I've also looked at some motherboard with onboard
n3050/n3150. But i'm not sure if that's just overkill.

This is only for home use, so my needs are not very high. 3 eth ports where one is wan and wifi. usb for printer, and that's about it.
But i find it kinda hard to navigate the jungle of new and old hardware vs cost vs what will cover my needs.

I'm hoping for some of your assistance.

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